Civil engineering is the application of engineering principles and practices to the design and construction of civil structures, including bridges, roads, airports, water supply systems, and power plants. Civil engineers typically work with engineers in other disciplines to develop solutions to complex problems.
They are responsible for overseeing the design and construction of civil projects, and often must work with other professionals such as architects and land surveyors.
Civil engineering has several subdisciplines, including structural engineering, environmental engineering, transportation engineering, water resources engineering, construction management/engineering, industrial engineering, and materials science. Many civil engineers hold a degree in civil engineering.
The American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) has defined five core areas of practice for civil engineers: structural engineering, transportation engineering, water resources management/engineering, construction management/engineering, and environment/energy.
Civil engineers are employed in a variety of industries and government organizations across the world. Some of the most common employers of civil engineers include transportation agencies such as the Federal Highway Administration and state transportation departments; public utilities such as municipal water systems; construction companies; consulting firms; military organizations; oil and gas companies; manufacturing companies; environmental protection agencies such as the EPA; universities.